The Turkish Revenue Administration (TRA) has published updated guidelines on the cancellation and objection of e-fatura and e-arsiv invoice. Two different guidelines are updated: guidelines on the notification of cancellation and objection of e-fatura and guidelines on the notification of cancellation and objection of e-arsiv.
The updated guidelines inform taxable persons about the new procedures for objection against an issued e-fatura and e-arsiv invoice. And how this must be notified to the TRA. Due to changes in the objection procedure, the e-arsiv schema has also changed. There has not yet been a change in the e-fatura schema, however it could also change in the near future. The updated guidelines state that the TRA platform can be used to notify the TRA about objection requests made against an issued e-fatura and e-arsiv invoice.
Why are the updated guidelines important?
From July 2021, electronically issued documents won’t be mentioned in the so called ‘BA and BS forms’. The BA and BS forms are generated to periodically report issued or received invoices when a total invoice amount is 5.000 TRY or more. All limited liability and joint stock companies are obliged to create and submit the forms to the TRA even if they don’t have any invoices to report.
The TRA recently published a new provision stating that electronically issued documents will not be shown in BA and BS forms and instead will be reported directly to the TRA in the clearance (e-fatura) and reporting(e-arsiv) process. Considering that the TRA receives the invoice data for electronically issued invoices in real-time, relieving taxpayers from reporting invoices through BA and BS forms creates a more efficient system in which the relevant data will be collected only once from taxpayers.
At its current stage, e-documents won’t be mentioned in these forms. However, in order for the TRA to have accurate invoice data about each taxpayer, it needs to be notified which are the final invoices and disregard any objected or cancelled documents when evaluating taxpayer data.
Although the cancellation process is already performed through the TRA platform for basic e-fatura and e-arsiv, objection requests are made externally (through a notary, registered letter or registered e-mail system), meaning the TRA does not have visibility of all objections. There could therefore be a risk that the TRA considers a cancelled document (due to objection) as issued which could result in discrepancies between the taxpayer records and the data that the TRA considers relevant for tax collection.
Therefore, taxpayers must now notify the TRA about objection requests to avoid any discrepancies between their records and BA and BS forms. The final goal of this application is that the BA and BS forms will be completely auto populated by the TRA in future.
How will the new process work?
According to the Turkish Commercial Code, any objections or cancellation requests must be made within eight days. Suppliers and buyers can raise an objection request which must be made externally (through a notary, registered letter or registered e-mail system) and registered in the TRA system.
For e-arsiv application, there are two ways for suppliers to notify the TRA about the objection request. They can either use the e-arsiv schema (automated) or register the request in the TRA portal. Buyers can see this request on the TRA platform and may respond, although they are not obliged to. Because e-self-employment receipts are also reported through e-arsiv application, the same objection rules apply.
For e-fatura, since there is no change in the schema, it is not possible for suppliers or buyers to notify the TRA using e-fatura schema. Currently, they can only notify the TRA about e-fatura objections through the TRA platform. Taxpayers can also respond to objection requests only through the platform.
The TRA has taken a step towards the digitalization of cancellation and objection requests. However, there is still not an automated way to perform these actions. Before the digitized objection process becomes reality in the country, the authorities must take a more sophisticated approach towards automating the process as well as introducing or amending applicable legislation.
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