The wine industry has been shipping direct-to-consumer (DtC) for more than 15 years, and this once-novel market expansion has proven win-win-win for producers (business growth), states (increased tax revenue) and consumers (increased choice) alike. And yet, beer DtC remains a much narrower market. Why?
Beer producers aren’t the only ones asking that question. Sovos ShipCompliant’s 2021 Direct-to-Consumer Beer Shipping report found that 84% of regular craft beer drinkers say they want to be able to legally purchase beer via DtC shipping to their home. Furthermore, the inequity with the current laws seems to displease most, with more than four in five regular craft beer drinkers (84%) saying that current beer shipping laws in the U.S. should be updated to make it legal in more states.
DtC wine shipping is a $4.2 billion market as of 2021. Because DtC shipping and three-tier distribution complement one another, the three-tier system has continued to thrive in its central role in alcohol distribution even as the DtC channel has grown. In fact, while DtC wine shipping has been in place for 15+ years, it makes up 10%-11% of total off-premise wine sales in the U.S. (as estimated by Jon Moramarco, managing partner at bw166).
The success the DtC wine channel has found has gone hand in hand with shippers’ commitment to following state regulations and tax requirements. DtC wine shippers participate in a safe, well-regulated market, complying with varying state regulations that include:
Additionally, shippers abide by destination states’ jurisdiction in terms of other producer-enablement rules that include customer volume limits, the registration of brand labels and brand ownership requirements.
The products that reach consumers through the DtC wine shipping channel are not the same ones they are shopping for at their local retail outlets. Rather, wineries typically offer special allocations or other higher-end, more limited offerings direct-to-consumer.
Similarly, beer lovers are not necessarily looking to ship products that can be easily found at local retail stores. However, breweries can offer highly allocated and limited run products that consumers would otherwise have difficulty gaining access to.
Thus, there is generally no direct competition between the products available through these different channels — though a producer that grows its fan base via DtC shipping can expect to see increased demand for their products sold through the three-tier system. There is every reason to expect that as more states open to DtC beer shipping, the beer industry will follow wine’s lead in offering distinct products via different channels.
Across the vast majority of the U.S. — 46 states and the District of Columbia — DtC wine shipping is permitted. The map of where beer producers are legally entitled to ship DtC is much, much narrower.
* Oregon will only issue licenses for beer shipping to breweries located in states that themselves permit DtC shipping of beer
* Pennsylvania will only issue licenses for beer shipping to brewers that hold specific wholesaler or off-premises retailer licenses; a manufacturing license alone, even one that grants such permissions, is insufficient
Accurate to October 2021
As beer producers have demonstrated through their compliant participation in the three-tier system, they are readily equipped to mimic the compliant behaviors of their winery counterparts in the DtC shipping channel.
Naturally, states are eager to maximize the tax revenues they collect, as taxes fund their service to the public, including infrastructure, education and social services.
The compliant behavior of DtC alcohol shippers to date has enriched states’ coffers to the benefit of many. As a leading beverage alcohol compliance solutions provider, Sovos ShipCompliant has facilitated states’ securing hundreds of millions in tax revenue each year. Because the footprint for legal DtC shipping of non-wine beverage alcohol is limited, the vast majority of this tax revenue is driven by DtC wine shipments.
States opening to the DtC shipment of beer would only grow these welcome additional revenues.
The case for beer DtC shipping is clear. The demand is strong from producers and consumers alike, and states stand to benefit greatly. More than 15 years of complaint DtC wine shipping have paved the way for the healthy expansion of DtC beverage alcohol shipping.
Beer producers simply want the same kind of DtC market access that wine shippers enjoy. The data shows that DtC wine shipping is profitable for states and can be done safely. Consumers are ready for more choice and are already utilizing the DtC market. The time for expanded DtC beer shipping permissions is now.