Croatia was one of the first countries in the world to introduce a real-time reporting system for cash transactions to the tax authority. Known as the online fiscalization system, new requirements have been introduced to improve tax controls for cash transactions.
Croatia’s online fiscalization system
The system aims to combat retailer fraud by providing the tax authority with visibility of cash transactions in real-time and encouraging citizens to play a part in tax controls by validating the fiscal receipt through the tax authority’s web application.
Previously, the online fiscalization system required issuers to send invoice data to the tax authority for approval and include a unique invoice identifier code (JIR) provided by the tax authority in the final receipt issued to the customer. Registration of the sale could be verified by entering the JIR code through the tax authority’s web application.
What’s new for Croatia’s online fiscalization system?
The government has introduced a new requirement for fiscal receipts to make citizen participation easier and increase the level of control of tax records and evidence.
As of 1 January 2021 a QR code must be included in fiscalized receipts for cash transactions. Consumers can now validate their receipts by entering the JIR via the web application or by scanning the QR code.
As part of the tax reform, a new procedure for fiscalization of sales via self-service devices came into force on 1 January 2021.
To implement the fiscalization procedure via self-service devices, the taxpayer must enable the use of software for electronic signing of sales messages and provide internet connection for electronic data exchange with the tax administration.
When implementing the fiscalization of self-service devices only the sale is fiscalized and sent to the tax administration, no invoice is issued to the customer.
Secondary legislation specifying the process and measures for data security and exchange has still not been published despite the requirement having gone live, but is expected in the near term.