In Poland, the Ministry of Finance proposed several changes to the country’s mandatory JPK_V7M/V7K reports. These will take effect on 1 July 2021. The amendments offer administrative relief to taxpayers in some areas but create potential new hurdles elsewhere.
Poland JPK_V7M and V7K Reports
The JPK_V7M/V7K reports – Poland’s attempt to merge the summary reporting of a VAT Return with the detailed information of a SAF-T – have been in effect since October 2020. Taxpayers must submit these reports (V7M for monthly filers, V7K for quarterly filers) in place of the previously-used VAT Return and JPK_VAT files.
The JPK_V7M/V7K reports require taxpayers to designate within each file the invoices subject to special VAT treatment. For example, invoices representing transfers between related parties or invoices for transactions subject to Poland’s split payment regime.
Split payment designations are particularly complex for taxpayers to manage. Poland’s split payment regime is broadly applicable. In some cases can be exercised at the buyer’s option. This makes it difficult for sellers to predict which of their invoices should be marked.
As a result of these complexities, and in response to taxpayer feedback, the draft amendment for 1 July would abolish the split payment designation. This would significantly reduce the administrative burden on taxpayers.
The draft amendment does, however, give rise to an additional complexity in the reporting of bad debts. Under the amended rules, taxpayers need to indicate the original due date of the payment for an unpaid invoice. For which the taxpayer is seeking a VAT relief. This is intended to help the tax authority verify bad debt relief claims. This could potentially present difficulty for taxpayers who do not maintain such information or cannot easily access it in their accounting systems.
Poland and EU One Stop Shop
Finally, the draft amendment would modify reporting of cross-border business to consumer (B2C) supplies of goods. This is as well as similar supplies of electronic services. These supplies are at the heart of the European Union’s One-Stop Shop regime that takes effect 1 July 2021, and as such, the current invoice designations for these supplies in JPK_V7M/V7K would be consolidated into a single, new invoice designation under the amended rules.
Poland’s JPK_V7M/V7K filings are enormously ambitious in scope. It is clear from these latest proposals that the tax authority is willing to make substantial adjustments to the structure of these filings, at very short notice. In such a dynamic landscape, it is critical that businesses stay on top of regulatory developments in order to remain compliant.
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