Russia introduces a new e-invoicing system for traceability of certain goods on 1 July 2021. Federal Law No. 371-FZ will amend the Russian Tax Code to introduce the new procedure for the traceability system, which will bring the introduction of mandatory e-invoicing for taxpayers dealing with traceable goods.
Since its introduction, B2B e-invoicing in Russia has remained voluntary. However, this is changing as of this summer when the issuance and acceptance of e-invoices will be mandatory for taxpayers trading goods subject to the traceability system.
What is the traceability system?
The traceability system aims to monitor the movement of certain goods imported into Russia and the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU). In the scope of the traceability system, each consignment of goods is assigned a registration number during import. This is then controlled at all transaction stages. Businesses within the scope of this new traceability system will need to include the registration number in invoices and primary accounting documents. They must also provide information on the transactions involving the traceable goods through VAT returns and related transaction reports.
Legal entities and individual businesses participating in the circulation of traceable goods are in scope of the traceability requirements. From 1 July 2021, invoices for these goods must be electronic. Buyers of goods subject to traceability must accept invoices in electronic form. Furthermore, the new requirement for mandatory electronic invoices for sales of traceable goods doesn’t apply to export/re-export sales and B2C sales.
What type of goods are subject to the traceability requirements?
The goods included in the list of traceable goods are currently:
- Refrigeration and freezing equipment (refrigerators, freezers)
- Industrial trucks (forklift trucks, bulldozers, graders, planners, power shovels, excavators, shovel loaders, tampers in addition to road rollers)
- Washing and drying machines (household and for laundry facilities)
- Monitors and projectors (not including receiving television equipment)
- Electronic integrated circuits and elements
- Baby strollers and child safety seats
What’s next for Russian regulation of electronic documents?
Considering that by the end of 2024 Russia aims to have 95% of invoices and 70% of waybills in electronic form, it’s likely more digitization changes are coming. The digitization of accounting records is another area the Russian tax authority is making progress on. It would therefore not come as a surprise to see more changes in the Russian legislation in the next couple of years.
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